ハリネズミの多頭飼いをオススメしない5つの理由【生態から学ぶ】

  1. ハリネズミ
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「1匹だと可哀想だから」「可愛いからもう1匹飼いたい」など、多頭飼いを望む飼い主さんも多いのではないでしょうか。また、我が子の子供が見たい!と繁殖を目的として多頭飼いをしたいという方もいらっしゃると思います。

そこで今回は、気を引き締めて新しい家族をお迎えできるよう、デメリットについてを紹介します。

 

ハリネズミは孤独を愛する生き物?

とても意外なことのように感じますが、ハリネズミは本来は群れを作らずに単独生活をする生き物です。ハリネズミは独自の空間を好み、縄張り争いなどの闘争本能を持ち合わせています。

基本的には他のハリネズミとの同居は、繁殖時の交尾と子育て期だけです。

ハリネズミは単独での生活を求め、寂しさを感じない生き物であることを念頭に入れておきましょう。

 

おススメしない理由1:喧嘩

オス同士のハリネズミは、縄張り争いが原因で喧嘩が起きます。また発情期にも喧嘩になります。どちらかが怪我でも負うと動物病院で抗生物質の投与や縫合が必要など、金銭面やハリネズミ自身にもストレスになります。

またオスとメスを同じゲージで飼っていて、メスがオスの背中の針に噛みついて引っ張るという事例もあります。他の匂いがしたり発情が合わないとイライラするようです。

オスとメス、メスとメス同士でも喧嘩は起きますが、特にオス同士の多頭飼いは難しいといわれています。

 

おススメしない理由2:ストレス

人間でも同じ部屋で誰かと長期間いると、ストレスが溜まりますよね。本能的に単独生活を好むハリネズミは尚更のことストレスを感じます。そのストレスから中には、自傷行為をしてしまうハリネズミも居るようです。一度、自傷行為を始めると根気強いお世話と治療が必要となってきます。

オス同士で求愛行動が収まらす、去勢を考えなければいけなくなったケースもあります。

またハリネズミは夜行性で1晩に3.2~4.8キロの距離を歩き回るといわれています。なので夜間の回し車の音や騒音・鳴き声もハリネズミの数だけ倍になり、飼い主さんにとって睡眠の邪魔になったりストレスを感じてしまうかもしれません。

 

おススメしない理由3:金銭面

ハリネズミを同じケージで飼育できるケースはかなり稀です。同じケージで飼育するつもりが結局1匹1ケージになるということが殆どです。

ハリネズミを飼育するにあたって掛かる費用は、

  • 初期費用(飼育用品・ケージ・温湿度計・寝床・床材・トイレ・給水ボトル・冷暖房グッズなど)
  • フードや床材などの日常出費
  • 季節対策に掛かるペットヒーターやエアコン等の電気代
  • 健康診断や動物病院に掛かる費用やペット保険料

特に病院代では、手術や検査など高額な治療費が掛かるケースもあります。病気で看病をしなければいけないとなると、経済的・時間的にも大きな負担となります。

 

おススメしない理由4:毎日の世話

トイレ掃除や食事のお世話など、やりすぎも良くないですが適度なお世話は毎日必要です。忙しかったり疲れていても必ずお世話をしないとハリネズミは生きていくことができません。

そのため体調が悪いときなどもハリネズミの数だけお世話をしなければいけないので、飼い主さんにとってはかなりの負担となります。

 

おススメしない理由5:スペースが必要

ハリネズミの数だけ各1ケージが必要になりますので、子供が生まれて3匹、4匹となると相当なスペースが必要になります。ハリネズミはケージが狭いと、寝床から出て来なくなったり、動かなくなったりすることがあります。

そのため、1匹あたりにも十分な広さのケージを確保しないといけません。

 

多頭飼いをおススメできない理由・まとめ

多頭飼いは飼い主さんにとっても、ハリネズミにとってもデメリットがたくさんあります。

ハリネズミとのスキンシップをとる時間も、多頭飼いの場合は短くなってしまいます。スキンシップをとることは、健康チェックをするという面でも必要不可欠なことです。

飼い主さんにとって、ハリネズミにとってのデメリットを十分に理解した上で、新しい家族を迎えましょう。

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